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How to File a Lawsuit

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Filing a lawsuit can seem like a daunting task what with lawyers getting involved and having to appear in front of a judge. However, it doesn’t have to be a stressful situation if you know how to file a lawsuit – you might even be allowed to file a lawsuit online.

In this article, you’re going to learn how to file different lawsuits, so let’s get started.

How to File a Small Claims Lawsuit

Small claims courts resolve small monetary disputes, and in some states, evictions and property claims. Here is how you can go about filing a small claims lawsuit:

  • Try to resolve the issue outside of the court; if this doesn’t work, you should contact the county clerk in the small claims court that is closest to your business or residence.
  • Fill out a complaint form, also called a “Statement of Claim” and pay the filing fee. Once you’ve filled out this form, you should send the document to the defendant; you can do this personally or use a sheriff or private process server.
  • The person you are suing has 20 days to respond to the claims (thirty if they are out of the state).
  • Many states require you both to appear before the judge in a pretrial hearing to figure out what happens next. If the case goes to small claims, both you and the defendant will be able to tell their side of the story.
  • Once both sides have been heard, the judge issues a ruling.

How to File a Class Action Lawsuit

To file a class-action lawsuit, you have to go forth and make a class action complain. The initial complaint will consist of one to two people, maybe more, and then publicly announced to the prospective class members.

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After this is all finished, you have to prove class certification. This means that you must work closely with an attorney to follow state guidelines and requirements to make sure that you’re able to file a class action. There are several sets go to through, and your attorney can help on every step.

How to File a Civil Lawsuit

Sometimes, you might want to file a lawsuit against someone because of an injury they caused or because of a disagreement. If you are looking to recover some money from someone, you should file a lawsuit in the civil courts.

The process for filing a civil lawsuit is very similar to filing in a small claims court.

How to File a Lawsuit Without a Lawyer

Legal procedures and laws can be complex, but that doesn’t mean that you don’t have the possibility of filing a lawsuit without a lawyer. There are some small claims courts that don’t even allow lawyers at all. You can even file a lawsuit by yourself at the state and federal court level; however, if your case becomes more complex, it’s always recommended to be in a licensed lawyer to help.


If you want to go ahead and file a lawsuit by yourself, here’s how it’s done:

  • Go through all remedies that you can think of outside of court to see if you can get the case settled.
  • If you can’t do this, make sure that you’re choosing the right court for your case (small claims, state, or federal).
  • Next, you’ll want to check the statute of limitations on your claims and familiarize yourself with the court’s rules and procedures before filing your case. You should then find and download the proper forms and instructions for your court filing.
  • You’ll then want to gather all of your evidence, witnesses, and fill out your complaint and documents. Once this is done, you’ll file it with the proper clerk.
  • You’ll then go to court and settle your case.

How to File a Federal Lawsuit

The first thing that you need to do before filing a federal lawsuit is figuring out whom you’re going to be suing. The business or person you might be suing must have caused you to harm or hold responsibility for another individual who was harmed.

Then you’ll need to figure out if some of your rights have been violated that come from the federal Constitution, or federal statutes and regulations. At this point, you’ll want to check to see if any of the statutes can even be tried – this is because they have a statute of limitations. This is the period under each law that you have to file a lawsuit. If this period has passed, you no longer have the right to a lawsuit.

Talk with a lawyer and see if you can get your lawsuit settled outside of court. If not, then you will have to take your case to court to get it settled – your lawyer can help you with all of this.

How to Sue a Company

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If a business harms to you, you can do more than write a letter to the owner. Instead, you could start a lawsuit and get monetary compensation for your injuries. To start the process, you need to gather evidence that it’s the company’s fault that you were injured – whether they’re emotional, physical, or financial – and then find the correct court to sue in.

The next thing that you should do is consult your attorney. Some lawsuits are incredibly simple and can be handled by yourself. However, most cases are typically complex, and you need to hire a lawyer to get a good outcome.

After consulting a lawyer, you might be asked to write down what you can remember about the incident. Try to be as detailed as possible and write it down before you forget about it.

At this point, you should work with your lawyer to figure out what else needs to be done to resolve the issue and get your monetary benefit.

How Much Does It Cost to File a Lawsuit?

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The cost of filing a lawsuit is depended on what court you’re taking your case to. However, there are a few items that you’ll almost always run into, which are the filing and attorney fees. These will vary depending on which state you’re in and the type of case you’re pursuing. You should talk to a lawyer to figure out the exact costs.

How Long Do You Have to File a Lawsuit?

You almost always have at least one year from the date of the harm to file a lawsuit. It doesn’t matter what type of claim you are filing for or which state you live in – the normal amount of time that you have to file a lawsuit is one ear. However, this is not true if you are filing against a government agency.

If you have more legal questions, you can also chat online with a attorney where you’ll be instantly connected to a lawyer who can give you legal guidance on your specific case or question.

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